Netbackup Cheat Sheet

Master Daemons | Media Daemons | Catalog | Log Files | Server | Volume | Media | Tape/Robot | Archive | Client

Master Server Daemons/Processes

Request daemon bprd
Scheduler bpsched (started with bprd)
Netbackup database manager bpdbm (started with bpsched)
Job Monitor bpjobd (started with bpdbm)

Media Server Daemons/Processes

Communications daemon bpcd
Backup and restore manager bpbrm (started with bpcd)
Tape Manager bptm (started with bpbrm)
Disk Manager bpdm (started with bpbrm)
Media Manager ltid
Bar code reader avrd (started with ltid)
Remote device management/ controls volume database vmd (started with ltid)
Roboticdaemon (one on each media server) talks to tldcd tldd (started with ltid)
Robotic control daemon talks to the robot directl via scsi tldcd (started with ltid)


Master Server
Information about backed-up files image - /opt/openv/netbackup/db
Storage Unit, Global Configuration, Catalog backup configuration. config - /opt/openv/netbackup/db
Backup Policy information class - /opt/openv/netbackup/db
Job status information jobs - /opt/openv/netbackup/db
Netbackup logs with error and status information error - /opt/openv/netbackup/db
Information on volumes, volume pools, scratch pool and volume groups volume - /opt/openv/volmgr/database
Media Server
Tracks assigned volumes (media that has data them) media - /opt/openv/netbackup/db
Information about devices managed by the media server device - /opt/openv/volmgr/database

Log and Information Files

Netbackup and Patch versions /opt/openv/netbackup/bin/version
Media Version /opt/openv/volmgr/version
Patch Level history /opt/openv/netbackup/patch/patch.history
Buffer size /opt/openv/netbackup/db/config/SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS
Number of buffers /opt/openv/netbackup/db/config/NUMBER_DATA_BUFFERS
Network Buffer Size /opt/openv/netbackup/NET_BUFFER_SZ (default = 32)
Java GUI authorisation /opt/openv/java/auth.conf
Catalog type (binary or ASCII) /opt/openv/netbackup/db/config/cat_format.cfg
Netbackup and media manager parameter files /opt/openv/netbackup/bp.conf
Corrupt Database image files (5.0 and above) /opt/openv/netbackup/db.corrupt

Server Commands

Check license details /opt/openv/netbackup/bin/admincmd/get_license_key
Start Netbackup

netbackup start

/opt/openv/netbackup/bin/initbprd (master)
/opt/openv/volmgr/bin/vmd (media)

Stop Netbackup (does not disconnect GUI sessions)

netbackup stop

/opt/openv/netbackup/bin/admincmd/bprdreq -terminate (master)
/opt/openv/netbackup/bin/bpdbm -terminate (master)

Stop Netbackup and kill all GUI sessions /opt/openv/netbackup/bin/goodies/bp.kill_all
Start the GUI /opt/openv/netbackup/bin/jnbSA
Scan for tape devices sgscan (solaris)
ioscan (HPUX)
Display all Netbackup processes bpps -a
lists servers errors

bperror -U -problems -hoursago <number of hours>
bperror -U -backstat -by_statcode -hoursago <number of hours>

display information on a error code bperror -statuscode <statuscode> [-recommendation]
Reread bp.conf file without stopping Netbackup bprdreq -rereadconfig
Check database consistency

bpdbm -consistency 1
bpdbm -consistency 2

Check for the below lines:
Bad image header
Does not exist

Netbackup Recovery
Device catalog is intact bprecover -l -m <media ID> -d dlt (listing)
bprecover -r -m <media ID> -d dlt (recovering)
Device catalog is gone or corrupted bprecover -l -tpath <tape_path> (listing)
bprecover -r -tpath <tape_path> (recovering)
Disk backups bprecover -l -dpath <disk_path> (listing)
bprecover -r -dpath <disk_path> (recovering)

Volume Commands

Tape Drive and Inventory Commands
List drive status, detail drive info and pending requests vmoprcmd
List the tape drive status vmoprcmd -d ds
List the pending requests vmoprcmd -d pr
Control a tape device vmoprcmd [-reset][-up][-down] <drive number>
List all changes in the robot(but do not update)

vmupdate -recommend -rt tld -rn 0

vmcheckxxx -rt tld -rn 0 -recommend

Empty the robot and re-inventory (using barcodes) vmupdate -rt tld -rn <robot number> -rh <silo slave> -vh <host> -nostderr -use_barcode_rules -use_seed -empty_ie
Tape Media Commands
List all pools vmpool -listall -bx
List tapes in pool vmquery -pn <pool name> -bx
List all tapes in the robot vmquery -rn 0 -bx |grep 'TLD' | sort +4
List cleaning tapes vmquery -mt dlt_clean -bx
List tape volume details vmquery -m <media ID>
Delete a volume from the catalog vmdelete -m <media ID>
Change a tapes expiry date vmchange -exp 12/31/06 23:59:58 -m <media ID>
Change a tape's media pool vmchange -p <pool number> -m <media ID>

Media commands

List the storage units bpstulist -U
Freeze or unfreeze media bpmedia [-freeze][-unfreeze] -ev <media ID>
List media details bpmedialist -ev <media ID>
List media contents bpmedialist -U mcontents -m <media ID>
List backup Image Information bpimagelist -backupid <image ID>
Expire client images bpimage -cleanup -allclients
Expire a tape bpexpdate -d 0 -ev <media ID> -force
List all netbackups jobs bpdbjobs -report [-hoursago]
Move media from one media server to another bpmedia -movedb -newserver <media server> -oldserver <media server>

Tape/Robot commands

List tape drives tpconfig -d
List cleaning times on drives tpclean -L
clean a drive tpclean -C <drive number>
change a drives cleaning frequency tpclean -F <drive> <frequency>
set a drives cleaning time to zero tpclean -M <drive>
Move tapes within robot using robtest


commands that can be used are as follows:

s s       (show slots)
s d       (show drives)
s i       (show load port)
m s250 d5 (move tape from slot 250 into drive 5)
uload d5  (unload tape from drive 5)
m d5 s250 (move tape from drive 5 to slot 250)
m s250 i1 (mov tape from slot 250 to load port 1)


List load port tapes echo "s i q" | tldtest -r /dev/sg/c0t4l0
List all slot contents echo "s s q" | tldtest -r /dev/sg/c0t4l0
List tape drive contents echo "s d q" | tldtest -r /dev/sg/c0t4l0
Move a tape in s100 to drive 1 echo "m s100 d1" | tldtest -r /dev/sg/c0t4l0
Move a tape to load port 1 echo "m s100 i1" | tldtest -r /dev/sg/c0t4l0

Archiving Commands

list archive info

bpcatlist -client all -before Jul 01 2006
bpcatlist -client all -before Aug 01 2006

archive and remove images bpcatlist -before Jul 01 2006 | bpcatarc | bpcatrm
restore archive files

bpcatlist -before Jul 01 2006 | bpcatres

Client commands

test client connectivity

bpclntcmd [-ip <ip addres>]
bpclntcmd [-hn <hostname>]
bpclntcmd [-pn]
bpclntcmd [-sv]